1. Must be experiencing clinical or sub-clinical symptoms and functional impairment in sport and/or daily life at time of referral (assessed via intake questionnaire).

Symptoms may pertain to the following mental health challenges and/or mental illnesses:

  • Attention deficit
  • Attention deficit and hyperactivity
  • Substance abuse (alcohol, drugs)
  • Anxiety
  • Burnout
  • Sleep
  • Eating behaviours
  • Depression
  • Obsessive and compulsive behaviours
  • Post-traumatic stress
  • Suicidal ideation

Functional impairment may pertain to one's ability to perform activities in various domains of functioning encompassing sport and/or general life:

  • Understanding and communicating
  • Getting around (mobility)

  • Self-care

  • Getting along with people (social and interpersonal functioning)

  • Life activities (home, academic, occupational, and sport functioning)

  • Participation in society (participation in family, social, community, and sport activities)

2. If a danger to oneself or unable to care for oneself at time of intake (e.g., acutely suicidal, manic, psychotic), will be referred to a hospital with the option to be re-assessed for eligibility following stabilization.

Mental health and mental illness are two separate constructs. One does not preclude the other, which means that athletes and coaches living with mental illness are still able to experience a high level of mental health and well-being with appropriate support. Alternatively, athletes and coaches who do not have a mental illness do not necessarily experience adequate mental health and well-being. Mental health is a way of life that should be translated into daily goals.
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Mental Health

Mental health is characterized by a state of psychological, emotional, and social well-being allowing individuals to feel, think, and act in ways they can enjoy life, realize their potential, cope with the normal stresses of life, work productively, and contribute to their community.



Mental Illness

Mental illness (syn. mental health disorders) is characterized by alterations in individuals’ feeling, thinking, and behaving, leading to significant distress and impaired functioning in personal and professional activities. It collectively refers to all diagnosable mental disorders such as depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders, and substance use disorders.